Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2022
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies


Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation


The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, and its wholly owned subsidiaries, Oxis Biotech, Inc. and Georgetown Translational Pharmaceuticals, Inc. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.




The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared under the assumption that the Company will continue as a going concern. Such assumption contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company recorded a net loss of $20.9 million of which $7.7 million resulted from non-cash stock compensation, and used cash in operations of $15.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2022. The Company had a cash and short-term investments balance of $16.5 million at December 31, 2022. On January 4, 2023, the Company raised an additional $6.5 million of cash through an equity issuance (see Note 11). Management anticipates that the $23.0 million of cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments available following the stock issuance are adequate to satisfy the liquidity needs of the Company for at least one year from the date the Company’s 2022 consolidated financial statements are issued.


Historically, the Company has financed its operations through public and private sales of common stock, issuance of preferred stock, issuance of convertible debt instruments, and strategic collaborations. There can be no assurances that the Company will be able to secure additional financing on acceptable terms. In the event that the Company does not generate sufficient cash flows from investing and financing activities, the Company will be forced to delay, reduce, or eliminate some or all of its discretionary spending, which could adversely affect the Company’s business prospects, ability to meet long-term liquidity needs or ability to continue operations.




The global COVID-19 pandemic continues to present uncertainty and unforeseeable risks to GT Biopharma’s operations and business plan. The Company has closely monitored recent developments, including the lifting of COVID-19 safety measures, the spread of new strains or variants of the coronavirus (such as the Delta and Omicron variants), and supply chain and labor shortages. Thus, the full impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the business and operations remains uncertain and will vary depending on the pandemic’s future impact on the third parties with whom the Company does business, as well as any legal or regulatory consequences resulting therefrom. The Company has been following the recommendations of health authorities to minimize exposure risk for its team members and may take further actions that alter our operations, including any required by federal, state or local authorities, or that it determines are in the best interests of its employees and other third parties with whom GT Biopharma does business.



Accounting Estimates


The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates include accruals for potential liabilities, assumptions used in deriving the fair value of derivative liabilities, share-based compensation and valuation of deferred tax assets. Actual results could differ from those estimates.


Cash Equivalents and Short-Term Investments


The Company considers highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less at the date of acquisition as cash equivalents in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. As of December 31, 2022, total cash and cash equivalents which consist of cash and money market funds, amounted to approximately $5.7 million.


The Company also invested its excess cash in commercial paper and corporate notes and bonds. Management generally determines the appropriate classification of its investments at the time of purchase. We classify these investments as short-term investments as part of current assets, based upon our ability and intent to use any and all of these investments as necessary to satisfy liquidity requirements that may arise from our businesses. Investments are carried at fair value with the unrealized holding gains and losses reported in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. As of December 31, 2022, total short-term investments amounted to approximately $10.8 million.


Fair Value of Financial Instruments


Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) ASC 820-10 requires entities to disclose the fair value of financial instruments, both assets and liabilities recognized and not recognized on the balance sheet for which it is practicable to estimate fair value. ASC 820-10 defines the fair value of a financial instrument as the amount at which the instrument could be exchanged in a current transaction between willing parties.


The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are as follows:


Level 1 Valuations based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity has the ability to access.


Level 2 Valuations based on quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.


Level 3 Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable, supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.


The carrying amount of the Company’s derivative liability of $18,700 at December 31, 2022 and $138,000 at December 31, 2021 was based on Level 3 measurements.


The carrying amounts of the Company’s other financial assets and liabilities, such as cash and cash equivalents, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accounts payable, accrued expenses and notes payable, approximate their fair values because of the short maturity of these instruments.



Derivative Financial Instruments


The Company evaluates its financial instruments to determine if such instruments are derivatives or contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives. For derivative financial instruments that are accounted for as liabilities, the derivative instrument is initially recorded at its fair value and is then re-valued at each reporting date, with changes in the fair value reported in the consolidated statements of operations. The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is evaluated at the end of each reporting period. Derivative instrument liabilities are classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether or not net-cash settlement of the derivative instrument could be required within 12 months of the balance sheet date. The fair value of the embedded derivatives is determined using a Binomial valuation method at inception and on subsequent valuation dates.


Stock-Based Compensation


The Company periodically issues stock-based compensation to officers, directors, employees and consultants for services rendered. Such issuances vest and expire according to terms established at the issuance date.


Stock-based payments to officers, directors, employees and consultants for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees, which include grants of employee stock options, are recognized in the financial statements based on their grant date fair values in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation. Stock based payments to officers, directors, employees and consultants, which are generally time vested, are measured at the grant date fair value and depending on the conditions associated with the vesting of the award, compensation cost is recognized on a straight-line or graded basis over the vesting period. Recognition of compensation expense for non-employees is in the same period and manner as if the Company had paid cash for the services. The fair value of stock options granted is estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, which uses certain assumptions related to risk-free interest rates, expected volatility, expected life, and future dividends. The assumptions used in the Black-Scholes option pricing model could materially affect compensation expense recorded in future periods.


Research and Development Costs


Costs incurred for research and development are expensed as incurred. The salaries, benefits, and overhead costs of personnel conducting research and development of the Company’s products comprise research and development expenses. Purchased materials that do not have an alternative future use are also expensed.




The Company accounts for its leases in accordance with the guidance of ASC 842, Leases. The Company determines whether a contract is, or contains, a lease at inception. Right-of-use assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset during the lease term, and lease liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Right-of-use assets and lease liabilities are recognized at lease commencement based upon the estimated present value of unpaid lease payments over the lease term. The Company uses its incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at lease commencement in determining the present value of unpaid lease payments


Net Loss Per Share


Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings (loss) per share is computed using the weighted-average number of common shares and the dilutive effect of contingent shares outstanding during the period. Potentially dilutive contingent shares, which primarily consist of stock issuable upon exercise of stock options and warrants have been excluded from the diluted loss per share calculation because their effect is anti-dilutive.


The following shares were excluded in the computation of the diluted net loss per share because their effect is anti-dilutive:


    2022     2021  
    December 31,  
    2022     2021  
Warrants to purchase common stock     2,337,274       2,337,274  
Options to purchase common stock     1,630,452       302,500  
Total anti-dilutive securities     3,967,726       2,639,774  




Cash is deposited in one financial institution. The balances held at this financial institution at times may be in excess of Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insurance limits of up to $250,000. Management believes that the financial institutions that hold the Company’s cash are financially sound and, accordingly, minimal credit risk exists.



The Company has a significant concentration of expenses incurred and accounts payable from a single vendor. Please see Note 4 for further information.




The Company determined its reporting units in accordance with “Segment Reporting” (“ASC 280”). Management evaluates a reporting unit by first identifying its operating segments under ASC 280. The Company then evaluates each operating segment to determine if it includes one or more components that constitute a business. If there are components within an operating segment that meet the definition of a business, the Company evaluates those components to determine if they must be aggregated into one or more reporting units. If applicable, when determining if it is appropriate to aggregate different operating segments, the Company determines if the segments are economically similar and, if so, the operating segments are aggregated.


Management has determined that the Company has one consolidated operating segment. The Company’s reporting segment reflects the manner in which its chief operating decision maker reviews results and allocates resources. The Company’s reporting segment meets the definition of an operating segment and does not include the aggregation of multiple operating segments.


Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements


In June 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-13, Credit Losses – Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASC 326”). ASU 2016-13 requires entities to use a forward-looking approach based on current expected credit losses (“CECL”) to estimate credit losses on certain types of financial instruments, including trade receivables. This may result in the earlier recognition of allowances for losses. ASU 2016-13 is effective for the Company beginning July 1, 2023, and early adoption is permitted. The Company does not believe the potential impact of the new guidance and related codification improvements will be material to its financial position, results of operations and cash flows.


In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity. Effective January 1, 2021, the Company adopted ASU 2020-06 using the modified retrospective approach. Adoption of the new standard resulted in a decrease to additional paid-in capital of $4.5 million (see Note 5).


In May 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-04, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Debt-Modifications and Extinguishments (Subtopic 470-50), Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718), and Derivatives and Hedging-Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Issuer’s Accounting for Certain Modifications or Exchanges of Freestanding Equity-Classified Written Call Options. ASU 2021-04 provides clarification and reduces diversity in an issuer’s accounting for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options (such as warrants) that remain equity classified after modification or exchange. An issuer measures the effect of a modification or exchange as the difference between the fair value of the modified or exchanged warrant and the fair value of that warrant immediately before modification or exchange. ASU 2021-04 introduces a recognition model that comprises four categories of transactions and the corresponding accounting treatment for each category (equity issuance, debt origination, debt modification, and modifications unrelated to equity issuance and debt origination or modification). ASU 2021-04 is effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Effective January 1, 2022, the Company adopted ASU 2021-04 using a prospective approach. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements or disclosures.



Other recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB, including its Emerging Issues Task Force, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) did not or are not believed by management to have a material impact on the Company’s present or future consolidated financial statements.