GT Biopharma Announces FDA Clearance of Investigational New Drug (IND) Application for GTB-3650, an NK Cell Engager for Treatment of CD33+ Leukemia

  • GTB-3650 Phase 1 trial initiation expected in H2 2024; initial clinical data expected in H1 2025
  • GTB-5550 TriKE® IND submission for treatment of B7H3 positive solid tumors expected in Q1 2025
  • GTB-5550 Phase 1 dose escalation basket trial initiation expected in 2025 evaluating GTB-5550 in six solid tumor cancers, including prostate, breast, head and neck, ovarian, lung, and GI
  • Cash runway anticipated to be sufficient to fund operations into 2025

SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA, June 27, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- GT Biopharma, Inc. (the “Company”) (NASDAQ: GTBP), a clinical stage immuno-oncology company focused on developing innovative therapeutics based on the Company's proprietary natural killer (NK) cell engager, TriKE® platform, today announced FDA clearance of its IND application for GTB-3650, allowing the company to proceed with a Phase 1 clinical trial, which is anticipated to start in second half of 2024.

“FDA clearance for GTB-3650 is a tremendous accomplishment and we look forward to submitting our next IND in the first quarter of 2025 for GTB-5550, which will target multiple solid tumors”, said Michael Breen, Executive Chairman and Interim Chief Executive Officer of GT Biopharma. “As we ramp up our clinical activities, we plan to start the Phase 1 trial with GTB-3650 in the coming months followed by multiple data readouts in 2025. We also expect to start a basket trial with GTB-5550 for multiple solid tumors in 2025 and remain very enthusiastic in our pursuit of additional opportunities for various autoimmune indications where our TriKE’s may have therapeutic utility.”

The Phase 1 dose escalation study will evaluate GTB-3650 in up to six cohorts of adult patients with relapsed or refractory (r/r) CD33 expressing hematologic malignancies, including acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). GTB-3650 will be dosed in two-week blocks, two weeks on and two weeks off for up to four months based on clinical benefit. The trial will assess safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, in vivo expansion of endogenous patient NK cells and clinical activity.

“GTB-3650 is designed to target NK cells within the immune system to potentially overcome many of the limitations of current AML chemotherapies,” said Michael Breen. “Our trial design should give us an early read on safety and potential therapeutic activity and also provide valuable learnings that we can translate into our clinical development plans for follow-on TriKE molecules, including GTB-5550.”

About Camelid Antibodies

Camelid antibodies are single domain antibodies (sdAbs) from the Camelidae family of mammals that include llamas, camels, and alpacas. These animals produce two main types of antibodies. One type of antibody camelids produce is the conventional antibody that is made up of two heavy chains and two light chains. They also produce another type of antibody that is made up of only two heavy chains and no light chain. This is known as heavy chain IgG (hcIgG). While these antibodies do not contain the CH1 region, they retain an antigen binding domain called the VHH region. VHH antibodies, also known as single domain antibodies, contain only the VHH region from the camelid antibody. Camelid antibodies have key characteristics, which include high affinity and specificity (equivalent to conventional antibodies), high thermostability, good solubility and strictly monomeric behavior, small size, relatively low production cost, ease of genetic engineering, format flexibility or modularity, low immunogenicity, and a higher penetration rate into tissues.

About GT Biopharma, Inc.

GT Biopharma, Inc. is a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the development and commercialization of immuno-oncology therapeutic products based on our proprietary tri-specific killer engager (TriKE®) platform, which is designed to harness and enhance the cancer killing abilities of a patient’s own natural killer (NK) cells. Each TriKE construct consist of three parts: 1) an arm that engages with CD16, an activating receptor of NK cells, 2) an interleukin (IL)-15 moiety that is essential for NK cell survival, proliferation, priming and motility, and 3) an arm that binds to tumor-specific antigens. GT Biopharma has an exclusive worldwide license agreement with the University of Minnesota to further develop and commercialize therapies using TriKE® technology. For more information, please visit

Forward-Looking Statements

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TriKE® is a registered trademark owned by GT Biopharma, Inc.

Investor Relations Contact:

LifeSci Advisors
Corey Davis, Ph.D.

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Source: GT Biopharma, Inc.